TABLE 2

Participant prelaboratory data

VariableLean subjectsOverweight/obese subjectsType 2 diabetic subjects
n8118
Age (years)53.6 ± 6.049.9 ± 7.558.0 ± 4.5*
BMI (kg/m2)23.2 ± 1.430.2 ± 2.331.2 ± 3.2
Waist circumference (cm)88.9 ± 6.5105 ± 4.3110.9 ± 10.6
Fasting glucose (mmol/L)4.2 ± 0.74.8 ± 0.76.7 ± 1.3*
Fasting insulin (pmol/L)28.1 ± 16.839.2 ± 17.493.6 ± 78.7*
HbA1c (mmol/L)5.4 ± 0.45.4 ± 0.56.8 ± 0.8*
HOMA-IR0.5 ± 0.10.7 ± 0.11.9 ± 0.5*
  • Data are means ± SE.

  • *P < 0.05 vs. overweight/obese group.

  • P < 0.05 vs. lean group.