TABLE 1

Anthropometrics and fat distribution of study participants

WomenMenP
n5328
Age (years)36 ± 833 ± 9*
BMI (kg/m2)27.7 ± 5.027.7 ± 5.1*
Resting energy expenditure (kcal/day)1,521 ± 2151,900 ± 305<0.0001
Weight (kg)75.2 ± 14.388.9 ± 16.60.0002
Total body fat (%)39 ± 826 ± 8<0.0001
Total body fat (kg)29.7 ± 10.023.2 ± 10.60.009
UBSQ fat (kg)15.8 ± 5.212.3 ± 5.90.009
LBSQ fat (kg)11.8 ± 4.67.6 ± 3.1<0.0001
Visceral fat (kg)2.2 ± 1.83.3 ± 2.20.015
Abdominal adipocyte size (μg lipid/cell)0.58 ± 0.240.58 ± 0.330.90
Femoral adipocyte size (μg lipid/cell)0.75 ± 0.200.64 ± 0.260.037
HOMA-IR1.36 ± 0.721.42 ± 1.200.76
Plasma palmitate (μmol/L)103 ± 28109 ± 300.74
Plasma palmitate Ra (μmol/min)107 ± 38130 ± 500.016
  • Data are means ± SD.

  • *Selected to be similar, not subject to statistical testing.

  • P < 0.001 between depots within sex.