Table 1

Phenotypic characteristics of the study cohort

Sd-type 1 diabetesYounger control subjectsLd-type 2 diabetesOlder control subjectsLd-type 1 diabetes
Sample size (n)55888
Age (years)13 ± 2*18 ± 265 ± 459 ± 356 ± 5
Sex (% female)80605010050
BMI (kg/m2)30.5 ± 1.330.9 ± 4.332.7 ± 4.4
Diabetes duration (years)0.02 ± 0.01*NA11 ± 4NA14 ± 4
(<2 weeks)
Cause of death, n (%)
 Cardiovascular disease/stroke3 (37.5)1 (12.5)3 (37.5)
 Cancer0 (0)3 (37.5)0 (0)
 Pulmonary2 (25)2 (25)1 (12.5)
 Surgical0 (0)1 (12.5)1 (12.5)
 Infection1 (12.5)0 (0)2 (25)
 Gastrointestinal2 (25)1 (12.5)0 (0)
 Unknown5 (100)5 (100)0 (0)0 (0)1 (12.5)
Diabetes medication, n (%)
 None1 (12.5)NA0 (0)
 Oral3 (37.5)NA0 (0)
 Insulin3 (37.5)NA6 (75)
  • Data presented as mean ± SEM. NA, not applicable.

  • *Significantly different (P < 0.05) from ld-type 1 diabetes.