Table 1

Subject characteristics by diabetes type

T2DT1DLADAT2D vs. T1DT2D vs. LADAT1D vs. LADA
Ketoacidosis1/3128/165/29***NS***
Blood glucose, mmol/L10.78 ± 0.7525.19 ± 1.2814.29 ± 1.36***NS***
HbA1c, % (mmol/mol)7.02 (53) ± 0.32 (3.5)11.34 (100) ± 0.44 (4.8)7.98 (64) ± 0.40 (4.4)***NS***
Sex§27/2340/1023/26*NS**
Gestational diabetes mellitus2/150/82/20NSNSNS
Length, cm169.06 ± 1.61179.52 ± 1.03170.17 ± 1.58***NS***
Weight, kg90.17 ± 2.3667.62 ± 1.6982.23 ± 2.81*******
Family history28/1927/2128/17NSNSNS
Debut age, years63.74 ± 1.8924.04 ± 0.6255.94 ± 1.82********
BMI, kg/m231.52 ± 0.7120.98 ± 0.5028.30 ± 0.86********
GADAb, log nmol/L0.076 ± 0.0432.28 ± 0.0902.24 ± 0.080******NS
C-peptide, nmol/L1.33 ± 0.0680.14 ± 0.0090.78 ± 0.063*********
  • Data are expressed as n or the mean ± SEM. Differences between groups were assessed by ANOVA followed by post hoc Tukey test. NS, not significant.

  • *P < 0.05,

  • **P < 0.01,

  • ***P < 0.001;

  • †Yes/no;

  • §Male/female.