Table 2

Current dietary habits and suggested strategies to reduce the global diabetes epidemic

Food habits increasing diabetes riskBeneficial replacements
Refined grains and sugarsWhole grains and millets
Simple and easily digestible carbohydrates (high GI foods)Complex carbohydrates with high dietary fiber (low GI foods)
Red meatFatty fish (n-3 PUFA) and legumes and pulses
Saturated fats and industrial trans fatsCombination of vegetable oils, nuts, and oilseed (rich in MUFA)
Ready-to-eat processed foodsFruits and vegetables
Sugar and sugar-sweetened beveragesWhole fruits
  • GI, glycemic index; PUFA, polyunsaturated fatty acid; MUFA, monounsaturated fatty acid.