Table 1

Subjects’ body composition and metabolic characteristics at screening

Protein group (n = 15)Leucine group (n = 15)
Age (years)57.0 ± 0.959.6 ± 1
BMI (kg/m2)34.2 ± 0.936.4 ± 1.2
Body mass (kg)92.0 ± 2.497.6 ± 3.5
Fat-free mass (kg)47.3 ± 1.247.9 ± 1.1
Body fat (%)48.5 ± 0.850.5 ± 1.1
Subcutaneous abdominal adipose tissue volume (cm3)2,980 ± 1043,370 ± 225
Intra-abdominal adipose tissue volume (cm3)1,463 ± 1261,342 ± 181
Intrahepatic triglyceride content (%)8.4 ± 1.97.4 ± 1.6
Plasma concentrations
 Glucose (mmol/L)
  Basal5.1 ± 0.15.5 ± 0.1
  2 h after OGTT7.2 ± 0.57.7 ± 0.4
 Triglycerides (mmol/L)1.7 ± 0.21.2 ± 0.2
 Total cholesterol (mmol/L)5.7 ± 0.35.2 ± 0.2
 HDL cholesterol (mmol/L)1.5 ± 0.11.6 ± 0.1
 LDL cholesterol (mmol/L)3.5 ± 0.23.1 ± 0.2
  • Values are mean ± SEM. OGTT, oral glucose tolerance test.