Table 1

Characteristics of Hispanics/Latinos with accelerometer-measured physical activity and sedentary behavior in the HCHS/SOL

Total physical activity 
(average counts/min)MVPA 
(min/day)Sedentary time 
(h/day)
T1T2T3P valueT1T2T3P valueT1T2T3P value
Median (range)77 (4–108)139 (108–177)242 (177–1,526)3.3 (0–8.2)14.5 (8.2–23.4)38.4 (23.4–377)10.3 (0.8–11.4)12.1 (11.4–12.7)13.5 (12.7–16)
Individuals, n3,2113,2313,2033,2383,2243,1833,2223,1863,237
Total physical activity, counts/min75 ± 1141 ± 1286 ± 490 ± 1145 ± 1271 ± 4<0.001271 ± 5158 ± 294 ± 1<0.001
MVPA, min/day6.0 ± 0.216.9 ± 0.345.2 ± 1.0<0.0013.7 ± 0.115.2 ± 0.148.8 ± 0.937.3 ± 1.221.1 ± 0.613.5 ± 0.5<0.001
Sedentary time, hours/day13.4 ± 0.0212.01 ± 0.0210.5 ± 0.04<0.00112.7 ± 0.0412 ± 0.0411.1 ± 0.05<0.00110 ± 0.0412.1 ± 0.0113.6 ± 0.02
Age, years48.1 ± 0.540.4 ± 0.437.5 ± 0.4<0.00148.3 ± 0.540.2 ± 0.437.4 ± 0.4<0.00139.2 ± 0.441.1 ± 0.444.7 ± 0.5<0.001
Field center, %<0.001<0.001<0.001
 Bronx30 (2)27 (2)27 (2)17 (2)24 (2)41 (2)20 (2)25 (2)39 (2)
 Chicago13 (1)14 (1)17 (1)12 (1)17.2 (1)15 (1)20 (1)14 (1)11 (1)
 Miami40 (3)33 (3)26 (2)49 (3)31 (3)21 (2)30 (2)35 (3)33 (3)
 San Diego17 (2)25 (2)30 (2)22 (2)28 (2)24 (2)31 (2)26 (2)17 (2)
BMI, kg/m230.4 ± 0.229.2 ± 0.228.4 ± 0.1<0.00130.3 ± 0.229.5 ± 0.228.2 ± 0.1<0.00128.8 ± 0.129.2 ± 0.229.7 ± 0.2<0.001
Fat mass, kg29.6 ± 0.426.8 ± 0.323.9 ± 0.3<0.00129.5 ± 0.327.3 ± 0.523.5 ± 0.3<0.00131.3 ± 0.326.8 ± 0.327.9 ± 0.4<0.001
Fat percentage, %36.1 ± 0.333.2 ± 0.329.8 ± 0.2<0.00136.3 ± 0.333.1 ± 0.329.6 ± 0.2<0.00131.3 ± 0.333.1 ± 0.334.0 ± 0.3<0.001
Fat mass index, kg/m211.3 ± 0.110.1 ± 0.18.8 ± 0.1<0.00111.3 ± 0.110.2 ± 0.28.7 ± 0.1<0.0019.4 ± 0.110.1 ± 0.110.5 ± 0.1<0.001
Fat-free mass, kg50.2 ± 0.351.3 ± 0.354.2 ± 0.3<0.00149.8 ± 0.352.1 ± 0.353.8 ± 0.3<0.00153.0 ± 0.351.6 ± 0.351.5 ± 0.3<0.001
Fat-free mass index, kg/m219.0 ± 0.119.1 ± 0.119.6 ± 0.1<0.00118.9 ± 0.119.3 ± 0.119.5 ± 0.1<0.00119.5 ± 0.119.5 ± 0.119.5 ± 0.1<0.001
Waist circumference, cm100 ± 0.497 ± 0.495 ± 0.3<0.001100 ± 0.498 ± 0.595 ± 0.4<0.00196 ± 0.397 ± 0.498 ± 0.4<0.001
Women, %63.5 (1.3)54.9 (1.4)36.0 (1.2)<0.00165.6 (1.3)51.1 (1.4)37.4 (1.2)<0.00143.3 (1.3)53.6 (1.3)54.9 (1.3)<0.001
Genetically identified Hispanic/Latino group, %<0.001<0.001<0.001
 Central American7 (1)8 (1)9 (1)8 (1)8 (1)9 (1)10 (1)7 (1)8 (2)
 Cuban33 (3)24 (2)18 (2)39 (3)22 (2)15 (1)21 (2)27 (2)26.9 (2)
 Dominican13 (2)11 (1)8 (1)8 (2)9 (1)13 (1)6 (1)8 (1)17 (3)
 Mexican24 (2)37 (2)43 (2)28 (2)40 (2)37 (2)46 (2)36 (2)23 (2)
 Puerto Rican18 (1)14 (1)16 (1)12 (1)15 (1)20 (1)13 (1)16 (1)19 (1)
 South American6 (1)6 (1)6 (1)5 (1)6 (1)7 (1)5 (1)7 (1)6 (1)
Education, %<0.001<0.001<0.001
 <High school36 (2)30 (1)29 (1)34 (1)30 (1)31 (1)32 (1)29 (1)34 (1)
 High school26 (2)28 (1)31 (1)26 (2)27 (1)31 (1)31 (1)28 (1)26 (2)
 College degree39 (2)42 (1)40 (1)40 (2)43 (2)39 (2)38 (2)43 (1)40 (2)
Annual family income ($), %<0.001<0.001<0.001
 <20,00053 (2)44 (2)41 (2)51 (2)43 (2)44 (2)41 (2)45 (2)51 (2)
 20,000–50,00036 (2)42 (1)44 (2)38 (2)43 (1)42 (2)47 (2)39 (1)37 (2)
 >50,00011 (1)14 (1)15 (2)11 (1)15 (1)14 (1)12 (1)16 (1)13 (1)
Employment, %<0.001<0.001<0.001
 Retired and not currently employed17 (1)6 (1)4 (0.4)15 (1)7 (1)5 (1)3 (0.4)7 (1)16 (1)
 Not retired and not currently employed50 (2)41 (1)32 (1)47 (2)38 (1)36 (1)27 (1)45 (1)49 (2)
 Employed part-time (≤35 h/week)12 (1)17 (1)21 (1)13 (1)18 (1)20 (1)22 (1)17 (1)13 (1)
 Employed full-time (>35 h/week)21 (1)36 (1)44 (1)26 (1)37 (1)39 (1)49 (1)31 (1)23 (1)
Current smoker, %19 (1)20 (1)23 (1)<0.00119 (1)21 (1)22 (1)<0.00123 (1)22 (1)18 (1)<0.001
Alcohol consumption, servings/day0.22 ± 0.010.29 ± 0.010.34 ± 0.01<0.0010.24 ± 0.020.29 ± 0.010.32 ± 0.01<0.0010.33 ± 0.010.28 ± 0.010.25 ± 0.02<0.001
Alcohol use, %<0.001<0.001<0.001
 No current use56 (2)49 (1)41 (1)57 (2)46 (2)43 (1)44 (1)48 (1)52 (2)
 Low use39 (2)46 (1)52 (1)38 (1)48 (2)51 (1)49 (2)46 (1)43 (2)
 High use*4 (1)6 (1)7 (1)5 (1)5 (1)6 (1)7 (1)6 (1)5 (1)
Total energy intake, kcal/day1,757 ± 211,904 ± 212,095 ± 22<0.0011,816 ± 201,934 ± 232,022 ± 24<0.0012,076 ± 221,913 ± 211,800 ± 23<0.001
2010 AHEI (range, 0–110)47.3 ± 0.247.3 ± 0.247.6 ± 0.20.28947.4 ± 0.247.5 ± 0.347.3 ± 0.20.89447.9 ± 0.247.2 ± 0.247.2 ± 0.20.007
  • Data are mean ± SE for continuous variables and percentage (SE) for categorical variables, accounting for the complex study design of the HCHS/SOL. T, tertile.

  • *High use equates to ≥7 drinks/week for women and ≥14 drinks/week for men.