Table 3

Studies included in the replication meta-analyses

Cohort by ancestryEthnicity/nationalityDM typeAny DR analysisPDR analysisNPDR analysisExtremes of DR analysis
Case subjectsControl subjectsCase subjectsControl subjectsCase subjectsControl subjectsCase subjectsControl subjects
Asian
 KSDRKorean21,5165719181,1671,300571918571
 MESAChinese228831783
 RIKENJapanese25,5325,5652,3715,565
 SCES IChinese275228
 SCES IIChinese22778
 SiMESMalay2214557
 SINDIIndian2315669
 TUDRChinese2436559
European
 DCCT/EDIC primary cohortNorth American153598
 DCCT/EDIC secondary cohort, conventional treatmentNorth American1114209
 DCCT/EDIC secondary cohort, intensive treatmentNorth American142288
 GENESIS/GENEDIABFrench1277999808468277607277468
 GoDARTSScottish2,5062,4125744,3451,3812,4125742,412
 GoKinDNorth American1138581
 SUMMITEuropean1 and 25,4224,302
 WESDRNorth American1309294
Hispanic
 GOLDRHispanic22983017652321530176301
 LALESHispanic25525005399934150053500
 MESAHispanic29219252192
 SCHSMexican American2528247103672406247103247
Total17,38216,7043,18810,1446,36010,4782,4375,058
  • The SUMMIT (SUrrogate markers for Micro- and Macrovascular hard endpoints for Innovative diabetes Tools) cohort is a meta-analysis of three European studies: the Finnish Diabetic Nephropathy (FinnDiane) Study, Scania Diabetes Registry, and the EURODIAB study. DCCT/EDIC, Diabetes Control and Complications Trial/Epidemiology of Diabetes Interventions and Complications; DM, diabetes mellitus; GENESIS/GENEDIAB, Genetics Nephropathy and Sib Pair Study/Génétique de la Nephropathie Diabétique; GoDARTS, Genetics of Diabetes and Audit Research Tayside Study; GoKinD, Genetics of Kidneys in Diabetes; GOLDR, Genetics of Latino Diabetic Retinopathy; KSDR, Korean Study of Diabetic Retinopathy; LALES, Los Angeles Latino Eye Study; MESA, Multiethnic Study of Atherosclerosis; RIKEN, Rikagaku Kenkyusho - Institute of Physical and Chemical Research; SCES, Singapore Chinese Eye Study; SCHS, Starr County Health Studies; SiMES, Singapore Malay Eye Study; SINDI, Singapore Indian Eye Study; TUDR, Taiwan–US Diabetic Retinopathy Study; WESDR, Wisconsin Epidemiologic Study of Diabetic Retinopathy.