Table 3

Dietary intake data before and after 7 weeks of overeating PUFA or SFA

PUFA (n = 18)SFA (n = 19)Mean difference in change (95% CI)P value
BaselineMean absolute changeBaselineMean absolute change
Dietary intake
 Energy, kcal2,504 ± 525632 ± 499.52,535.1 ± 591500 ± 550132.2 (−218.3 to 482.6)0.45
 Carbohydrates, E%44.7 ± 8.9−1.4 ± 6.350.2 ± 8.8−2.5 ± 5.21.1 (−2.8 to 4.9)0.57
 Protein, E%14 (13–16)−2.2 ± 414 (14–17)−2.5 ± 2.80.3 (−2.1 to 2.6)0.83
 Fat, E%35.3 ± 5.15 ± 5.831.7 ± 6.95.1 ± 5.6−0.1 (−3.9 to 3.8)0.98
 SFA, E%13.1 ± 2.6−1.6 ± 2.811.5 ± 3.64.9 ± 2.8−6.5 (−8.3 to −4.6)0.0001
 MUFA, E %11.5 ± 2.50.9 ± 2.79.9 ± 2.83 ± 2.7−2.1 (−3.9 to −0.3)0.026
 PUFA, E%5 ± 1.57.9 ± 2.14.2 ± 1.40.3 ± 1.37.6 (6.4–8.8)0.0001
 Alcohol, E%2 (0–8.5)−1.5 ± 5.51 (0–3)−0.2 ± 2.3−1.3 (−4.2 to 1.6)0.37
  • Data are means ± SD or median (IQR) and 95% CI. For nonnormal variables, P values are obtained from nonparametric analyses. Mean difference in change is calculated as mean absolute change in PUFAs minus mean absolute change in SFAs. E%, energy percent; MUFA, monounsaturated fatty acid.