Table 1

Demographic and clinical characteristics of the diabetic and control groups studied

Diabetic groupControl group
n = 86n = 48P value
Sex, % male71650.560
Age, years57.6 ± 12.754.9 ± 12.70.251
BMI, kg/m231.1 ± 5.725.2 ± 3.8<0.001
Smoker, %27290.839
Blood pressure, mmHg
 Systolic134 ± 15.9131 ± 19.30.365
 Diastolic74.1 ± 9.074.8 ± 8.80.686
Clinical DSPN,* %11.6 (6.4–18.9)00.014
  • Data are shown as mean ± SD or as frequency (95% CI).

  • *NDS ≥6 and NSS ≥0 or NDS ≥3 and NSS ≥5.