Table 1

Characteristics of macrosomic and nonmacrosomic pregnancies in the total population (N = 343)

No macrosomia (n = 297)Macrosomia (n = 46)P
NMean or %SDNMean or %SD
Age of mother (years)29733.04±5.274634.96±4.590.02
sAF (AU)2971.80±0.34462.03±0.30<0.0001
Weeks of amenorrhea at sAF and HbA1c measurement29726.91±5.804623.67±8.350.002
SBP (mmHg) (n = 324)282115.11±13.6542114.19±12.160.68
DBP (mmHg) (n = 324)28269.31±10.204266.62±11.740.12
BMI before pregnancy (kg/m2) (n = 341)29626.99±7.034527.02±5.560.98
Family history of diabetes
No19866.67*3678.260.12
Yes9933.33*1021.74
Previous history of macrosomia
No27692.93*3167.39<0.0001
Yes217.07*1532.61
Parity
014749.49*1328.260.009
≥115050.51*3371.74
Sex of newborn
Boy17458.59*2554.350.59
Girl12341.41*2145.65
Type of diabetes
Late gestational19164.31*1839.14<0.0001
Early gestational8227.61*1328.16
Pregestational248.08*1532.61
HbA1c at inclusion (n = 275)
 %2335.30±0.47425.58±0.910.004
 mmol/mol23334.00±3.204238.00±6.10
Weeks of gestation at delivery29737.06±1.724637.07±1.730.98
  • P values are univariate logistic regressions.

  • *Percentage value.