Table 3

Association between sAF and macrosomia in the group of women with GDM only (no pregestational diabetes), assessed by multivariate logistic regression (n = 289*; 31 with macrosomia vs. 258 without macrosomia)

sAF (for 1-AU increase)3.801.20–12.000.02
Weeks of amenorrhea at sAF measurement0.920.56–1.000.06
Age of mother1.090.99–1.190.07
SBP (mmHg)1.010.97–1.040.63
DBP (mmHg)0.990.95–1.030.49
BMI before pregnancy1.010.94–1.090.70
Type of diabetes
 Late GDMReference0.84
 Early GDM0.900.32–2.51
Family history of diabetes
Sex of newborn
Weeks of gestation at delivery1.270.96–1.680.09
  • *Fourteen women with missing data for at least one potential confounder among the 303 women with GDM were not included in the multivariate analysis.