Table 4

Association between sAF and macrosomia with further adjustment for HbA1c, assessed by multivariate logistic regression (n = 263*; 38 with macrosomia vs. 225 without macrosomia)

OR95% CIP
sAF (for 1-AU increase)3.271.03–10.420.04
Weeks of amenorrhea at sAF measurement0.960.90–1.020.21
Age of mother1.070.98–1.180.12
SBP (mmHg)1.010.97–1.040.73
DBP (mmHg)1.000.96–1.040.88
BMI before pregnancy0.980.92–1.040.54
Type of diabetes
 Late GDMReference0.08
 Early GDM1.200.43–3.37
 Pregestational4.711.17–18.92
Family history of diabetes
 NoReference0.01
 Yes0.280.11–0.76
Parity
 0Reference0.22
 10.610.22–1.71
 ≥21.750.63–4.86
Sex of newborn
 BoyReference0.52
 Girl1.310.58–2.99
Weeks of gestation at delivery1.180.89–1.570.24
HbA1c (%)1.130.52–2.490.75
  • *Twelve women with missing data for at least one potential confounder among the 275 women with HbA1c available were not included in the multivariate analysis.