Table 1

Baseline characteristics of participants in the EPIC-Norfolk, LOLIPOP, and FHS study samples

EPIC-Norfolk, discovery phaseLOLIPOP, confirmation phaseFHS, confirmation phase
Incident T2DMNoncaseIncident T2DMNoncasePrevalent T2DMNoncase
N5637011,0741,5904032,204
Female sex, n (%)474 (84)407 (58)352 (36.3)507 (31.8)173 (43.0)1,245 (56.5)
Age (years)61.6 (8.1)59.1 (9.2)52.5 (10.2)49.9 (9.8)69.3 (8.4)65.8 (8.9)
EthnicityEuropeanEuropeanIndian AsianIndian AsianEuropeanEuropean
HbA1c (%)6.5 (1.3)5.5 (0.33)5.77 (0.49)5.37 (0.48)6.67 (1.15)5.55 (0.27)
HbA1c (mmol/mol)47.4 (14.2)36.2 (3.6)40 (5.4)35 (5.2)49 (12.6)37 (3)
BMI (kg/m2)29.2 (4.5)25.6 (3.6)28.9 (4.6)26.7 (3.9)31.6 (6.2)27.7 (5.0)
  • Data are means (SD) unless otherwise indicated.