Table 1

Baseline characteristics of the ACCORD participants, stratified by trial arm

Glycemic controlBlood pressure control
IntensiveStandardIntensiveStandard
n4,7404,7082,2102,159
Age (years)62.6 ± 6.662.7 ± 6.662.7 ± 6.662.7 ± 6.7
Sex (% male)61.261.352.352.0
Race (% white)62.162.260.157.6
Years with diabetes10.7 ± 7.610.8 ± 7.611.0 ± 7.910.9 ± 7.7
Current smoking (%)14.313.613.113.4
Weight (kg)93.3 ± 18.593.4 ± 18.491.8 ± 17.592.0 ± 19.1
Height (cm)170.0 ± 9.8170.0 ± 9.8169.0 ± 9.8168.8 ± 10.0
Waist circumference (cm)106.6 ± 13.7106.7 ± 13.6105.3 ± 13.3105.9 ± 14.1
BMI (kg/m2)32.3 ± 5.432.2 ± 5.432.1 ± 5.432.3 ± 5.6
Systolic BP (mmHg)136.3 ± 17.0136.5 ± 17.1139.1 ± 16.0139.4 ± 15.4
Diastolic BP (mmHg)74.9 ± 10.675.1 ± 10.776.0 ± 10.576.1 ± 10.2
Heart rate72.8 ± 11.772.6 ± 11.773.1 ± 11.873.1 ± 11.4
Total cholesterol (mg/dL)183.6 ± 42.2183.6 ± 41.7194.1 ± 45.0191.6 ± 44.4
HDL (mg/dL)41.9 ± 11.842.0 ± 11.546.2 ± 13.246.4 ± 14.1
LDL (mg/dL)105.0 ± 34.0105.1 ± 33.9110.9 ± 37.2108.9 ± 35.9
VLDL (mg/dL)36.8 ± 25.036.5 ± 24.037.0 ± 29.236.3 ± 28.7
Triglycerides (mg/dL)191.8 ± 149.6189.7 ± 149.5195.8 ± 179.5191.5 ± 185.6
HbA1c (%)8.3 ± 1.18.3 ± 1.18.4 ± 1.18.3 ± 1.1
  • Data for continuous variables are mean ± SD, and data for categorical variables are frequency (percentage). BP, blood pressure.

  • P value as calculated by ANOVA for continuous and χ2 for categorical variables.