Table 1

Baseline demographics of ProDiGY participants

Case subjectsAdult control subjectsYouth control subjects
Total, n3,0066,061856
 TODAY449
 TODAY Genetics2,084
 SEARCH468
Age, years15.1 ± 2.854.2 ± 12.414.5 ± 2.3
Female, %625752
Race/ethnicity, n (%)
 Non-Hispanic White664 (22)1,434 (24)542 (63)
 African American1,068 (36)1,068 (18)314 (37)
 Hispanic1,274 (42)3,559 (59)0
BMI z score*2.17 ± 0.61.08 ± 0.80.61 ± 1.03
 TODAY2.21 ± 0.5
 TODAY GeneticsN/A
 SEARCH2.12 ± 0.7
Fasting glucose (mg/dL)110.44 ± 23.86N/A110.44 ± 23.86
Fasting insulin (μU/mL)30.93 ± 22.33N/A30.93 ± 22.33
HbA1c, % (mmol/mol)6.01 (42) ± 0.75 (5.8)7.53 (59) ± 2.32 (16.2)6.73 (50) ± 1.84 (17.8)
  • Data are mean ± SD unless otherwise indicated. N/A, not available.

  • * BMI available in 898 TODAY and SEARCH participants.